Medieval symbolism (colours, bestiary, etc..)
Middle Ages Images (how to read them, by Chiara Frugoni)
Medieval drawings are
The interest is often to illustrate the invisible and there is no interest in studying the human anatomy when drawing the human figure.
Note: Miniatures were often made by two artists: and "Adumbrator" - the draughtsman, and the "Illuminator", the painter. (Much similar to the Comic industry today where there was a artist for the drawing, one for the inking process and one for the colouring. I think with the new era of computers, today, all three tasks can be made by a single person and software like Photoshop or Manga Studio)
"...drawing, better than any other technique, offers access to the artist's thought processes"
Vasari, quoted by Melanie Holcomb
MINIATURIST, English ,Gospel Book c. 1150, Illumination on parchment, Cathedral, Winchester.
See the dragon? The Middle ages was fascinated with the unsual and the fantastic...but, is our "modern" society not the same? Video games, fantasy illustrations and holliwood movies are not diffrent....
Miniature probably from the Benedictine monastery of San Pedro de
Cardeña, near Burgos- Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment; 17 1/2 x 11 13/16 in. (44.4 x 30 cm)
St John's College 17, Thorney Abbey, Benedictine monastery in Cambridgeshirefirst decade of the 12th century
PSALM XI (12), f. 6v.
"In the upper left of the picture, the beardless Christ-Logos1 is stepping out of a globe-mandorla (verse 6, (5)) to hand a cross-spear to an angel armed with a shield and striding toward the right, while four angels to the left of the mandorla discuss the matter. The same angel, repeated as the instrument of God, is smiting with the same weapon, the 'flattering lips' of the foremost of a group of the wicked represented as soldiers (verse 4, (3)) in the lower right corner. In the middle register below the Christ-Logos are nine of the 'poor and needy,' some represented as cripples (verse 6, (5)), in whose defense the Lord has arisen. In the foreground below them are two groups of the wicked. One of the groups is walking around a circular object resembling a table-top, and the other is pushing round a turnstile. The Latin text (verse 9, (8)) reads: 'in circuitu impii ambulant ,' i.e., the wicked walk about in a circle! In the upper right of the picture the psalmist holds a scroll containing 'the words of the Lord' and points to two smiths at work at a forge in front of a building, which illustrates verse 7, (6): 'the words of the Lord are pure words; as silver tried in a furnace of earth.'"
Jean Pucelle (French, active in Paris, ca. 1320–34)-Grisaille and tempera on vellum.
The technique of "Grisaille" is also used today (in Comic illustration, painting on leather and on any other medium such as oil or acrylic and it is very helpful to work with colour values, although only using greys, before applying colors...)
11v - Calendar Page for November (Gathering Acorns)