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Pablo Picasso Timeline

Pablo PicassoHere is a Pablo Picasso's timeline and periods.

I took text from the Museo Picasso in Barcelona and partially modified it.

Concerning the periods, there might be other ones such as analytical cubism, synthetic cubism and collage, then classicism which I will explore further on.

For the pictures, I use allposter.com because it's the only way I found to show the paintings without breaking copyright rules.


 

1881, 25th October
Pablo Ruiz Picasso is born in Malaga, the first-born son of María Picasso López and José Ruiz Blasco, painter, teacher at the San Telmo School of Fine Arts and curator at the Municipal Museum.


1891-1895
The Ruiz-Picasso family reside in Corunna where the father won a place as a teacher at the Guarda School of Fine Arts, and where Picasso starts his art studies in 1892.


1895
Picasso’s first visit to the Prado Museum in Madrid. After spending the summer in Malaga, the Ruiz-Picassos set up home in Barcelona. He takes the entrance examination for the Llotja School of Fine Arts where he studies for two years.


1897
He presents Science and Charity at the Fine Arts General Exhibition in Madrid. He begins his studies at theSan Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid at his family’s request, but before long leaves the Academy. Frequent visits to the Prado Museum.


1898
He falls ill with scarlet fever. He returns to Barcelona and moves to Horta d’Ebre (now Horta de Sant Joan (Terra Alta, Tarragona)), on the invitation of his friend Manuel Pallarès. Everything I know I learnt it in the town of Pallarès’, Picasso would say years later.


1899
He returns to Barcelona and frequents the Quatre Gats tavern, a meeting place for avant-garde art. He shares discussions with Carles Casagemas, Jaume Sabartés, the Reventós brothers, the Soto brothers, the Cardona brothers and Joan Vidal Ventosa


1900
First individual exhibition at the Quatre Gats. In September, he makes his first trip to Paris with Carles Casagemas, on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition in Paris where a work by the artist, Last moments, was being shown. He meets Pere Mañach, his first dealer, and has his first contact with the gallery owner Berthe Weill.
He returns to Barcelona at the end of December and celebrates New Year in Malaga with Casagemas.


1901

Pablo Picasso self-portrait 1901
Self portrait, 1901
Move to Madrid. Casagemas commits suicide in Paris. He founds the magazine Arte Joven with Francesc ’Assís Soler which had a print run of 5 editions. He returns to Barcelona and makes a second trip to Paris.
From June 25th to July 14th he has his first exhibition in Paris at the Vollard Gallery alongside the Basque painter Francisco Iturrino. He meets the poet Max Jacob. Beginning of the Blue Period.

Child with a Dove, c.1901
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1902
Return to Barcelona and third trip to Paris, where he lives and works short of money in Max Jacob’s room.

Blue Nude, c.1902
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1903
Return to Barcelona. He begins his studies for La Vie (Life), a masterpiece from the Blue Period, presently housed in the Cleveland Museum of Art.

the famous "la vie" by Pablo Picasso is one of his masterpeices of the blue period
La vie, 1903

 


1904
His fourth and final trip to Paris where he moves to Montmartre in the building known as ‘Bateau-Lavoir’ at 13 Rue de Ravignan. He meets Fernande Olivier who would become his companion until 1912. He also meets the poets Guillaume Apollinaire and André Salmon and frequents the Medrano Circus.


1905

Pablo Picasso Garçon à la Pipe (boy with pipe), 1905, a rose period painting
Garçon à la pipe, 1905

Start of the Rose Period. He spends three weeks during summer at the house of writer Tom Schilperoort in Schoorl (Holland). He meets brother and sister Leo and Gertrude Stein.


1906
The Steins introduce him to Henri Matisse. A stay in Gósol (Berguedà, Lleida). Return to Paris.

1907
He creates Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, the starting point for Cubism. He meets Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler, whois to become his main dealer, and Georges Braque.

Les demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso sign the beginning of Cubism

Le Moineau, c.1907
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1908-1914
Braque and Picasso develop Cubism.

L'Amitie, c.1908
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1909
Pablo Picasso woman with pears oil on canvas, 1909, made during the summer in Horta de Hebro, Spain
Woman with pears, 1909, oil on canvas

He comes to Barcelona with Fernande and spends the summer at Horta de Sant Joan. He returns to Paris and changes address – leaving Bateau-Lavoir and moving to 11 Boulevard Clichy.


1910

Picasso and Fernande spend a few days in summer in Barcelona and then Cadaqués.


1911
In summer, Picasso goes to Céret where he meets with Frank Burty Haviland and Manolo Hugué. Braque also moves to Céret. In autumn, he meets Eva Gouel (Marcelle Humbert) who would become his companion.


1912
He makes his first collages and exhibits at the Dalmau Galleries in Barcelona. After separating from Fernande, he begins his life with Eva at a new address at 242 Boulevard Raspail.

1913
His father dies. Brief stay in Barcelona to attend the funeral.


1914
He spends the summer months in Avignon. Braque and Derain are mobilised by the war which represents the end of Cubism as a movement. He returns to Paris with Eva in October.

1915
Eva Gouel dies.


1916
Jean Cocteau introduces him to Serge de Diaghilev, director of the Ballets Russes who offers him work on the ballet Parade.

1917
A trip to Italy with Cocteau to work with the Ballets Russes. He meets the ballerina Olga Khokhlova. Parade premieres in Paris with the curtain, decoration and wardrobe by Picasso. Trip to Barcelona from June to November.

L'Italienne, c.1917
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1918
Marriage to Olga Khokhlova in Paris. They move to 23 Rue La Boétie. ‘Matisse-Picasso’ exhibition at the Paul Guillaume Gallery in Paris, organised by the dealer Rosenberg.

The Bathers, c.1918
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L'Homme a la Guitare, 1918
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1919
Trip to London to prepare The Three-Cornered Hat, the new Ballets Russes production.


1920
Pulcinella premieres in Paris – the third collaboration with Diaghilev’s company. Joan Miró visits Picasso’s studio for the first time leading to their good friendship.


1921
His son Paulo is born.

Three Musicians, c.1921
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1923
He meets the poet and critic André Bréton, head of the surrealist movement. He spends the summer at Cap d’Antibes.

The Pipes Of Pan, 1923
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1924
The ballet Mercure opens in Paris with decoration and wardrobe by Picasso.


1925-1938
Although not participating directly with Surrealism, his friendship with writers at the time often involves him in group meetings.

Three Dancers, c.1925
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1927
He meets Marie-Thérèse Walter, who he has a relationship with until 1936 and a daughter, Maya.


1928

His collaboration with Juli González begins, who starts him on metal sculpture. Salvador Dalí visits Picasso on his first trip to Paris.


1931
He moves to Boisgeloup Castle in Normandy, which he had bought a year earlier, where he sets up his sculpture studio.

1932
Christian Zervos publishes the first volume of his monumental catalogue of Picasso’s work (32 volumes). The Barcelona Museums of Art buy the Lluís Plandiura Collection containing 22 works by Picasso.


1934
Summer holidays in Spain: San Sebastián, Madrid, Toledo and Barcelona.

Don Quixote (1934)
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1935
Pablo Picasso, la Musa, 1935

Separates from Olga and birth of Maya, Picasso’s daughter with Marie-Thérèse Walter. Sabartés becomes his private secretary and his friendship with Paul Éluard begins.


1936
He sides with the Republicans at the start of the Spanish Civil War. He moves to Mougins and is visited by the Éluards, the Zervos, Roland Penrose, Lee Miller, Man Ray and Dora Maar, a photographer linked to the surrealist movement and who is to become his new companion. Named honorary director of the Prado Museum in Madrid.


1937
Pablo Picasso in front of his painting Guernica

He sets up his studio at 7 Rue des Grands Augustins in Paris. On April 26th, the German air force bombs the town of Guernica (Basque Country). From May to June he works on the painting Guernica to be presented at the Spanish Republican Pavilion at the International Exhibition in Paris.
Trip to Switzerland and a visit to Paul Klee.

Guernica, c.1937
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Portrait of Dora Maar, c.1937
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1939
Death of his mother, María Picasso López, in Barcelona. He moves to Royan with Dora Maar and Sabartés. He decides not to return to Spain until the Franco regime ends.

Seated Portrait Of Dora Maar, 1939
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1941
He writes his first play, Desire Caught by the Tail.


1943
He meets Françoise Gilot, a young painter who would be his companion for two years and mother to two of his children – Claude and Paloma.


1944
L’Humanité announces his affiliation to the French Communist Party.


1945
He begins his studio collaboration with Fernand Mourlot where he explores the creative possibilities of lithography.


1946
Exhibition at MoMA in New York – ‘Fifty Years of his Art’. Picasso works on the Grimaldi Palace which, years later, would become the Picasso Museum of Antibes.


1947
Pablo Picasso ceramic
Ceramic in Vallauris.


Between Cannes and Nice lies the artists town of Vallauris. Vallauris will forever be associated with Pablo Picasso, for it was Picasso that practically single-handedly saved the towns ceramic industry.

In 1946 Picasso rented a small villa in Vallauris and at the time the local ceramic industry was on its last legs (thanks to the introduction of aluminium cookware). Picasso met George and Suzanne Ramie who introduced him to clay - and Picasso fell in love with the new medium.

Picasso gave the Ramies exclusive rights to sell his ceramics and today around 200 potters ply their trade in Vallauris. It is a fair understatement to say that many of them are not up to their illustrious forefather!

By 1949 Picasso's passion for ceramic was waning and he was planning to leave Vallauris so the people of the town, not wishing him to leave, gave him permission to decorate the chapel in town as he saw fit: the result includes a hastily painted mural on the subject of War and Peace - it is very powerful. Another Picasso piece is the bronze statue of a man and sheep in place La Liberation - donated by Picasso on condition that children be allowed to climb all over it!

Napolean landed close to Vallauris on his way from Elba to the Champs Elysees - a stone obelisk marks the spot in Golfe-Juan.

(Text from http://www.nice-city-vacation.com/vallauris.html, permission pending)

 

Birth of his son Claude by Françoise Gilot. They go to live in Vallauris (Provence), where he begins his pottery work.


1948
He takes part in the Wroclaw (Poland) Congress of Intellectuals for Peace , giving a speech in favour of Pablo Neruda's release.

Tete de Jeune Homme, 1948
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1949
Pablo Picasso painting with light photo by Gjon Mili

Birth of Paloma, Picasso’s daughter by Françoise Gilot.

1952

War and Peace
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At Rest
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1953
Picasso and Françoise separate. He meets Jacqueline Roque who would become his companion until his death.

 


1955
Death of Olga Khokhlova. He purchases La Californie villa in Cannes, where he moves with Jacqueline.

Toros en Vallauris, c.1955
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Flower of Hands
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1957
He paints Las Meninas, which he would donate to the Picasso Museum in Barcelona in 1968.

Les Pigeons, c.1957
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1958
He purchases Vauvenargues Castle, near Aix-en-Provence.

La Colombe, 1958
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1960
On Picasso’s own volition, Jaume Sabartés, Picasso’s personal friend and secretary, proposes the creation of a museum dedicated to the artist’s work to Barcelona City Council. On July 27th, the Picasso Museum in Barcelona
is founded in agreement with the City Council.

Corrida, 1960
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1961
Picasso and Jacqueline Roque marry in Vallauris and move to Notre-Dame-de-Vie in Mougins.

Sur la Plage, 1961
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1962
Intense engraving work for the next two years.

Femme au Chapeau Orne, c.1962
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1963, 9th March
The Museu Picasso in Barcelona opens to the public with the name The Sabartés Collection since, due to Picasso’s opposition to the Franco regime, it is impossible to open a museum with his name. The museum houses the personal collection of Sabartés and the Picasso works owned by the Barcelona Museums of Art.


1968
Death of Sabartés. Picasso pays homage by giving the Picasso Museum in Barcelona the Blue Portrait of Sabartés and the series of Las Meninas.

 

1969

Nu Assis, c.1969
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1970
Large donation to the Picasso Museum in Barcelona by the artist himself of over 900 works kept at the home of his family in Barcelona.


1971
Installation of 8 paintings by Picasso at the Grande Galerie at the Louvre, the first time a living artist’s work is hung at the Louvre.[according to Picasso’s grandson, Olivier Widmaier, in Portraits de famille. Paris, Éditions
Ramsay, 2002, p.123]

1972

Luncheon on the Grass
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1973, 8th April
Pablo Ruiz Picasso passes away in Notre-Dame-de-Vie, in Mougins. He is buried in the garden at Vauvenargues Castle on April 10th.

 

 


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