The key-concepts around Sophie Taeuber Arp (1889-1943) are abstract-art (Dada movement) and design (art in objects, in relation to "de-stjl" or the "arts and crafts" movement, the term "design had not been invented yet).
We said in our homepage that one key moment in the history of art is the invention of photography (1927, and since the 1940s his increasing use): for the first time the figurative arts could free themselves from the quest of the exact reproduction of reality.
Moreover, since the 1850s, the new industrialization created objects not made any longer one by one by hand, but mass-produced.
Sophie Taeuber-Arp lived exactly when all this was ripe for the birth of new disciplines: design and abstract art.
She was the daughter of a Swiss pharmacist in St. Gallen, Switzerland. The father died of tuberculosis when she was 2 years old and the she grew up only with her mother. She became a textile artits, then later a teacher at the rather famous Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich. Her live is associated with her husband Jean Arp with whom they were at the forefront of the avanguarde.
She contributed in many fields: scenography, intern architecture, design. She made puppets marionettes, drawings, paintings, textiles. In the 30s, the arp couples created the movement "Cercle et Carré" and"Abstraction-Création".
The influence of "cubism" and of Picasso is eveident as on all bastract movement, from Leger, Kupka, and on...
|Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Composition with diaginals and circle, 1916, Gouache|